Designing for Directed Reflection - How Robots are the Future of Accessible Wellness

Designing for Directed Reflection | How Robots are the Future of Accessible Wellness
BFA Student: Christopher Paniati
Faculty Advisor: Christina Tran, Haakon Faste

There are many tools, triggers, and methods for reflection that are available today. In order to better frame & discuss the process of reflection, three types of reflection are identified which represent our core reflective needs. Three types of reflection are defined along with examples and a key question that each type of reflection asks.

  1. Retrospective Reflection [psychotherapy] – What did I do and why?
  2. Introspective Reflection [meditation, mindfulness therapy] – What am I doing and why?
  3. Prospective Reflection [life-coaching, personal development] – What do I want do and why?

Based on these core types of reflection, we further define:

  • The Core Reflective Process

Observation –> Understanding –> Accept –> Change

  • Second Stage Reflection

(Retro/Intro) – What should I have done? | (Intro/Pro) – What should I do? | (Retro/Pro) – How am I doing?

  • Reflection Routines and How they are Formed and Fostered

Motivation –> Initiation –> Trigger –> Expression –> Reflection –> Takeaway

These models of reflection give us insight into how reflection works, and how to design for it. Important also, is the ways in which reflection may be directed in our life. Ultimately these contributed to the design of EM, a platform for reflection and wellness. EM facilitates directed reflection through prompts, conversation, and other forms of reflective dialogue.